Nov 14

A Brand for a Company Is Like a Reputation for a Person -- Except When It's Not

"A brand for a company is like a reputation for a person."

-- Jeff Bezos

Branding is all about personification -- giving human traits to things that aren't human.

If you think about it, Nike, or Disney, or the company where you work are no more than a stack of papers filed by a lawyer somewhere. They are legal entities created specifically so that their activities are considered separate from those of the people who formed them (for liability, tax and other reasons.)

But a stack of legal papers can't make decisions, or have a personality, or do anything but sit there. And we've established that the corporation is distinct from the people who created it or who run it; they can leave the company at any time. The only thing that really holds a corporation together is its shareholders -- and they're here today and gone tomorrow as well.

So really, there's no there there -- is there?

Well, yes and no.

Brands Create Continuity

You see, whenever a shareholder sells his or her stock in a company, the buyer has certain expectations of continuity. And the people the shareholders entrust to run the company are expected to maintain (and increase) the company's value by meeting these expectations -- not only in terms of sheer dollars and cents, but by having a predictable business model that shareholders can count on for the long term.

And that's where branding comes in. Branding communicates the continuity of a company's business model -- to shareholders, to customers, to employees. It says, "This is the kind of person we are -- if we were actually a person."

So Disney is family-oriented, fun, magical. Nike is outdoorsy, rugged, adventurous. And so on and so on. To the extent a company's products, advertising and other projections of itself support these traits, the brand has continuity -- which over time, can become a company's most valuable asset.

In this sense, it is like your reputation or mine.

Corporations as Wannabe Humans

But there's a point at which branding is not the same as reputation. At a certain point, we must face the fact that while people actually are human, corporations are merely wannabes. This has all sorts of implications for PR -- and specifically, for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs.

I help companies with their brands for a living. I think one reason I'm good at it is that I don't blow sunshine up people's behinds. So here's the deal:

Corporations are not human. And that's a good thing, because if they were human, they would be sociopaths. This isn't a cheap shot. A sociopath is a person who is interested only in their personal needs and desires. By definition, corporations are designed expressly to serve the interests of their shareholders -- and only those interests.


Yes, CSR programs can do good. The thing to keep in mind is, these programs only exist to the extent shareholders can be convinced that the spending will ultimately boost the bottom line -- like any other marketing expenditure. It's the equivalent of doing something good so someone will see you doing it.

People are smart enough to know when someone is doing good for the right reasons -- and they value these efforts far more than they value the efforts of those who do it for appearances' sake (like corporate brands).

So what does this mean in terms of dollars? Let's say you're a large corporation that spends $50 million annually on CSR. Now, let's say the public only values your spending about half as much as they do that of a grassroots organization whose motives are considered pure. Well, that means you're spending $50 million to buy $25 million worth of good will.

Maybe you're Exxon, and considering your reputation, this still sounds like a pretty good deal to you. Or maybe there are other places to better spend your money.

All of which is to say that a brand for a company is like a reputation for a person -- except when it's not. To keep your bearings, and hold on to your soul, in today's corporate world, it's important to know the difference.

Image source

tags: branding, corporate social responsibility, csr, brand strategy, Marketing and Branding

Related posts

About The Author

Scott Baradell

Scott, president of Idea Grove, oversees one of the fastest-growing and most forward-looking public relations and inbound marketing agencies in the southwestern United States. Idea Grove focuses on helping technology companies reach media and buyers; and its clients range from venture-backed startups to Fortune 200 companies. Scott launched Idea Grove in 2005 along with his groundbreaking blog, Media Orchard. He has been a consistent innovator in the public relations and marketing space. Scott was among the first to understand the role of blogging in audience building. He was quick to recognize the vital importance of content quality and the power of social sharing. Most significantly, he developed a system that integrates public relations, content creation, social and search marketing, and conversion rate optimization into a program that produces hard-dollar results for clients. Follow Scott on Twitter and Google+.


Blog View Resources

Like what you see?
Check out our resources for more info on building an effective inbound PR program

View Resources